I recently looked at how I could perform an upload of a file to an Azure File Share with a limited set of tools.

Realistically there are several ways we could achieve this, for example if we were able to install additional tools we could leverage azcopy. In my scenario I only have the following available to me and I'm limited to leveraging bash/shell scripting:

The basic idea is that we will call the Azure Files REST API to perform the uploads there are two important API's for our scenario:

When calling the Put Range API there are some special considerations which must be considered when specifying the range value.

The high-level process to upload a file is as follows:

  1. Create File Object
  2. Split file into 4MB parts
  3. Upload each part individually

Here is the example script which achieves the above.

if [ -z "$1" ] || [ -z "$2" ] || [ -z "$3" ] || [ -z "$3" ]
   echo "Arguments required: $0 [STORAGEACCOUNT] [SASTOKEN] [FILENAME] [FILESHARE]";
   exit 1
    FILESIZE=$(stat -c%s "$FILENAME")
    FILEMD5=$(cat $FILENAME | openssl dgst -md5 -binary | openssl enc -base64)
    FILEDATE=$(date -u)

    echo "==========================="
    echo "FileName: $FILENAME"
    echo "FileSize: $FILESIZE"
    echo "FileMd5: $FILEMD5"
    echo "FileDate: $FILEDATE"
    echo "==========================="

    # Create the file object
    curl -X PUT -H "x-ms-content-md5: $FILEMD5" -H "Content-Length: 0" -H "x-ms-date: $FILEDATE"  -H "x-ms-version: $RESTAPIVERSION" -H "x-ms-content-length: $FILESIZE" -H "x-ms-type: file" "https://$STORAGEACCOUNT.file.core.windows.net/$FILESHARE/$FILENAME?$SASTOKEN"

    #  We need to break the file into seperate parts if FileSize > 4MB
    split -C 4m --numeric-suffixes --suffix-length=10 $FILENAME part

    # Upload each part of the file by performing multiple Put Range operations 
    for PARTNAME in $(ls part*);
        PARTSIZE=$(stat -c%s "$PARTNAME")
        PARTMD5=$(cat $PARTNAME | openssl dgst -md5 -binary | openssl enc -base64)
        PARTDATE=$(date -u)
        echo "--------------------------"
        echo "PartName: $PARTNAME"
        echo "PartSize: $PARTSIZE"
        echo "PartMd5: $PARTMD5"
        echo "PartDate: $PARTDATE"
        echo "FileRange: $FILERANGE"
        echo "Current Filepointer: $FILEPOINTER"
        curl -T ./{$PARTNAME} -H "Content-MD5: $PARTMD5" -H "x-ms-write: update" -H "x-ms-date: $PARTDATE"  -H "x-ms-version: $RESTAPIVERSION" -H "x-ms-range: $FILERANGE" -H "Content-Type: application/octet-stream" "https://$STORAGEACCOUNT.file.core.windows.net/$FILESHARE/$FILENAME?comp=range&$SASTOKEN"
        echo "Next Filepointer: $FILEPOINTER"
        echo "--------------------------"

The script is designed to leverage a Shared Access Signature to authenticate against the Azure File Share, there are multiple methods for generating a SAS. The easiest method is via the Azure Portal.


Once you have generated your SAS you can call the script as follows

> ./upload.sh [STORAGEACCOUNTNAME] [SAS_TOKEN] test.txt test
FileName: test.txt
FileSize: 268435392
FileMd5: GrtXGlunzIv6NR1GR5xhAQ==
FileDate: Thu Jul 30 09:04:48 UTC 2020
PartName: part0000000000
PartSize: 4194300
PartMd5: Bt0oR+0/GxqNvosgCKOTbA==
PartDate: Thu Jul 30 09:04:49 UTC 2020
FileRange: bytes=0-4194299
Current Filepointer: 0
Next Filepointer: 4194300
PartName: part0000000001
PartSize: 4194304
PartMd5: aurqSCs0sRF8zLzBc7JYwA==
PartDate: Thu Jul 30 09:04:57 UTC 2020
FileRange: bytes=4194300-8388603
Current Filepointer: 4194300
Next Filepointer: 8388604

If the script runs successfully the file should be appear in your Azure File Share.


Hope this helps!